A term used to describe swallowing difficulty of the sort that can be associated with the aging process: the process of swallowing as a whole is inefficient and reduced in vigor. Common findings include globally (as opposed to focally) reduced muscle bulk, often seen in vocal folds and not just pharyngeal wall musculature; globally reduced strength of contraction of the pharynx; tendency for retention/pooling of a part of swallowed food or liquid in the vallecula or pyriform sinus(es). Presbyphagia may be associated with [intlink id=”113″ type=”post”]cricopharyngeus muscle dysfunction[/intlink] and, when severe, [intlink id=”39″ type=”post”]aspiration[/intlink].

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