Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

A syndrome caused by structural or functional incompetence of the [intlink id=”326″ type=”post”]lower esophageal sphincter[/intlink], which permits retrograde flow of acidic gastric juice into the esophagus, and up to the level of the larynx and pharynx (throat). GERD is potentiated by obesity, large, late meals before bed, alcohol, acidic, salty, or spicy foods. Treatment can include dietary modification, placing the frame of the bed on a head-to-toe slant, and a variety of medications that decrease stomach acidity.

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